Architectural 3D Painting

I revalue architectural making by humans and believe in recycled plastic as a building material.

I explore the limits of its fluidity to implement it in architectural applications by looking at painting techniques.

It all started when I started comparing 2D painting techniques with 3D printing techniques. With this analogy I rethink architectural design through architectural making. The fields of material science, mechanical engineering and programming blend with sculpture and painting to be united in architecture. This technique adds to, innovates, and questions the way we build today. Repetition and orthogonality can now make way for new ways of architectural expression. Then the city becomes the architects' canvas.

Imagine material properties being applied like color is applied in painting or when gravity shapes our walls during material solidification. Imagine a method through, which we can design and build more intuitively.

Plastic as Paint

Plastic can take on many shapes, by spreading, pouring or throwing it. If we see plastic as paint we can convert the building method into a kind of  '3D painting' by letting the material do its thing. Only the movements of your hand, arm or body will dictate the direction and let gravity take over. Imagine a creating a pillar by making a drop solidify on its way down from the nozzle.  

"The goal of all artistic labour is construction!

Everything as a whole,  architecture, plasticity and painting."

- Walter Gropius

3Dpainting machine prototype2

The Machine as The Painter

By designing a large-scale 3D printer with greater freedom of movement, the machine can paint with plastic in mid air.


The Building Material as Paint

Plastic is a highly engineerable material therefore it can take up various properties. 

City as Canvas | Model (2016)

The Nozzle as Brush



The goal is to make different nozzles which work like a brush.


Architectural elements

In the architectural discipline we use words such as window, door, fireplace and roof to describe objects and to express concepts. I propose a building technique which is intrinsically different from conventional building techniques, meaning we cannot speak of traditional building elements, methods and techniques


It is necessary to let go of thinking in elements. As they were defined by the size and shape that could be made industrially or manually.


Now it grows from one drop or stroke to the other, elements flow over into each other.


What words do we use?






De machine is now in development thanks to the donations of:

Jochen Aarts, Jelle Algra, Marco van Bijleveld, Torsten Caesar, Martin Chan, Lawrence Chan, Otto Dieleman, Gijs Diercks, Leonie Eshuis, Bart Geboers, Jo Geraedts, E. Gerritsen, Marthe van Gils, Sietske Grijseels, Rene A. Guncay, Betül Gürcan, Robert Hangx, Chris Hellinga, Sebastiaan Hols, Maarten Hoogbergen, Aura van der Horst - Barnier, Chantal van der Horst, Loretta van der Horst, Peter van der Horst, Toine van der Horst, Maritt Kuipers, Birthe Leemeijer, Ruben Lentz, Marilou Looman, Maikel Louwerse, Doudouce Luitse, Simon Luitse, Jani van Kampen, Irene Kromhout, Paul de Man, Meg McFarland, Verali von Meijenfeldt, Lisa Mokoginta, Annelie Musters, Frank vd Nieuwenhuijzen, Frederike Nugteren, Nadia Pepels, Marta Schaferova, Therese van Schie, Marcel Stuve, Lars van Vianen, Yannick Vos, Cornelis van Wieren, Titus Wybenga, Keimpke Zigterman


38 anonymous

 Bank Giro Loterij


VSB fonds


Thank you!